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Animal Care Angst

September 15, 2014

AC HortonNursing

Over the past month I’ve been digging into the lives of former SeaWorld Animal Care workers, and publishing their stories (here, here, and here). Many of their experiences seem shocking to people unfamiliar with animal care work, and how difficult it can be. And it is easy to see how the stories can fuel an anti-SeaWorld sentiment.

Jim Horton, one of the three former Animal Care workers I interviewed, was troubled by the vehemence and hardcore anti-SeaWorld nature of some of the comments he saw posted to social media in the aftermath of the stories (big mistake, to read comments, I explained). And also by the fact that many of the stories published in the Animal Care series focus on the negative aspects of the lives of the workers and the nature of managing animals in captivity.

Animal Care obviously includes a lot of positive experiences, where animals are nurtured, rescued, or saved. And the thing I admire most about the Animal Care workers I spoke with and wrote about is that they did the work–with all the good, the bad and the ugly–because they cared first and foremost about the animals. They weren’t there to become Shamu Stadium stars. They were there because they loved animals and wanted to care for them. Eventually, especially for Krissy Dodge and Cynthia Payne, the nature of the work, and the way in which captivity compromised the lives of the animals, forced them to step away and pursue other careers. But the point is that Animal Care work, and the emotions and realities involved, is not at all simple. How Animal Care workers feel about the work they do, especially post-Blackfish, is an intensely complex subject, and that didn’t always come across in the articles I published.

So in order to dig deeper into what Jim Horton felt and feels about the work he did, and how Blackfish opened up many difficult questions, I am posting (with Jim’s permission) a letter that he wrote to a friend. In it, Jim explores and articulates the powerful and conflicting emotions he feels about the work. And if you want to judge him or Animal Care workers harshly, as so many were quick to do, I only ask that you make sure you read this letter first:

Dear ……,

I feel your pain. I think the movie Blackfish and it’s flock of anti captivity followers has made us all take a deep look inside at what we have done over the years and where we are now emotionally in our careers as animal care takers. Torn between our love of the animals we have come to know and the public outcry from those that have never experienced what we have, with the exception of a few. I find it very ironic that the world of those we entertained and taught priceless educational values to are now claiming injustices and untruths that rock the very core of our souls, creating gaps and even bitterness between our friends, co workers and family.

I’m sure you can recall as I can the hundreds of times we were told by the public, family and friends that we must have the greatest job in the world. I recall, later on in my career, often scoffing at that comment and explaining to those that would listen, that this career is a labor of love and full of extreme highs and extreme lows and at times can very well be the worst job in the world. Those people, the ones looking from the outside in, so-called experts by the very knowledge that we as teachers have taught them, through the media and personal interactions, have no idea what it was like and also what it is like now.

What they don’t know and what the media never found newsworthy is the extreme duress we’ve gone through. The news only covers the animal’s story, not ours. The nights on end of watching, medicating, note-taking of sick animals. Every 3 hour tube feedings, injections and enemas, standing alone in poop-filled pools in freezing temperatures to bottle feed baby manatees or baby dolphins, while those around us celebrate Thanksgiving and Christmas, forgetting their anti-captivity rhetoric, while we shiver through the night, tired and hungry in the middle of a 24-hour shift doing everything you can to save a creature who has put all of it’s trust into us. Knowing fare well that if you screw up, fall asleep standing up, or miss a subtle cue of distress that this beautiful creature may die. They have not experienced the pain of watching and the feeling of the last heartbeat and breath of a dolphin, sea lion, or manatee dying in your arms, looking you straight in the eye as if to say help me or thank you, and in those final moments only you can decipher the final thoughts before death. You begin to cry if you’re alone there in the dark and cowboy up if you’re surrounded by peers, only to let it out in the seat of your car in your employers parking lot at the end of a very long day. You sit and ponder in anguish at what you could have done differently to save this one and what you can do the next time. You celebrate their life by helping the next one of their species.

Unless you’ve done it, one could never understand what it’s like to cut open and remove the brains and eyes of an animal you’ve cared for all it’s life. Sure, you put on your scientist mask, bundle up all of your emotions and swallow them like a big nasty pill and commence to do your job in the efforts of science and discovery and the personal need to know why. Your internal emotions and feelings of sadness, images of the happier times with this animal run through your veins in the form of liquid courage and it takes all of your might to carry on stoically. Hoping to find that smoking gun, that reason for not surviving your treatment. You hope to see the worst, a cancer, an infected kidney, inoperable stomach blockage or a brain abnormality. Often we find nothing and spend the rest of the evening wondering what went wrong and what could you have done differently. The thoughts haunt you through the night as your friends and family wonder why you’re so despondent and can’t sleep or why you aren’t in the mood to eat that piece of steak. Our reward is to move on to the next case unless you are one of the unfortunate ones that has to make that trip the following day to the rendering factory to dispose of the carcass and once again, feel those emotions as you toss a head that you’ve hugged a thousand times into a vat of guts while dodging the spray of nastiness.

They will never know the pain of the animal bites, the broken bones, contusions, sprains, cortisone injections, IV fluids, stitches, ear infections and the unfortunate times you had vomit, the diarrhea and the long dead animal guts and maggots fly into your eyes and mouth.

They will never know the disappointment and the emptiness you cast upon your families with missed vacations and birthdays and the wonderment by those you love that can’t understand why you lack emotion at the death of a family pet or when you make an early decision to put the animal to sleep, knowing early on the inevitable suffering that prolonging death can create.

They will never know what that final rub down, that saying of I’m sorry, what that pat on the back of an animal feels like when you are getting ready to inject a life ending medication in an upwelling of humbleness and hopelessness, a surrender of effort of all your skills to prevent suffering.

They will never know the terror and horror, the sounds and images of being in a rescue van or cage or pool when an animal goes through its death throes. Flailing about in a final fit of uncontrollable rage, sending humans, skin and blood flying through the air, destroying everything in it’s path and then the sudden unexpected feeling of what was once hope comes crashing to the ground in a matter of seconds.

They will never know the many times we came very closed to being killed, mauled, drowned, or losing a limb, toe or finger or co worker in the efforts of just doing our job, you know, the one that is the greatest one in the world?

And so now were are forced to believe by many that this isn’t the greatest job in the world, that all that we’ve done, all of the pain and effort, tireless nights and trips to the hospital is a bad thing. They say our animals are treated poorly, our facilities are substandard, and we should be ashamed. Ironically, in a much misinformed manner, these foul cries of care seemed limited to the United States, where the best care in the world is provided. Having transported animals all over the world, I have truly seen the atrocities of animal care in third world countries. But that’s ok I guess, because we only believe what we see and fail to listen to the real experts. Untouchable they are the third world facilities, look at Taji. Those animals are captured and slaughtered every year, yet there are more outcries regarding a little blonde haired girl blowing a whistle–feeding and rubbing down an animal that she truly loves and will give her all with great sacrifice to her life and those around her in an effort to give that animal a good life- than the cries of slaughter. The paths we chose in the animal industry we didn’t always chase. We started as education staff, operations staff, cigarette butt picker up’ers, scuba divers and bucket washers. Suddenly, we were given the opportunity to be closer than most to these wonderful creatures. I’m sure there isn’t a soul in the business who hasn’t stated that “I can’t believe I’m getting paid for this”. So innocent and inexperienced, having no idea that this journey will take you through a river of emotions, good and bad and that those children that you teach and share the joy of making a connection to animals, those children will grow up to say what you are doing, the efforts that you made, were not in the animals’ best interest.

I can truly say that I am against captivity and I am for captivity. I think perhaps, maybe it’s time to end Killer Whales in Captivity, but why not the elephants? I don’t really see the need anymore, we’ve learned about all we can. On the other hand, if it were not for having killer whales in captivity, who would have freed Willy? Who would have rescued, rehabilitated and released Springer? Who would have flown to Turkey for 2 years of their life to train captive dolphins to be wild again and set them free? Who of you out there are planning and watching every day the case of Morgan the Killer whale in Spain. Who of you is experienced and ready to leave your family for years to train and release this little whale back to her family? Who is prepared to make real sacrifices other than spouting verbal diarrhea from your warm cozy couch with an I Pad……..We are!

We are the ones who still love our job, we love animals in our care more than our friends and our future. We are proud of our accomplishments, we do make a difference in the lives of others, we are tough as nails, we are not afraid, we can control our emotions, we can laugh in the face of adversity and we can succeed where others have never tried. We teach and train the animal caretakers of the future, there will always be a need for us. Who is going to save the beached animals of the future? Movie directors?

I am proud of who I am and those that I have helped have a better life. I am not part of the problem, I am the solution. I am an animal husbandry specialist and I will never stop caring.

There you have the conflicts, the pathos, and the doubts (and certainty) of animal care, all wrapped up into one deeply felt letter. I don’t criticize Animal Care workers. In my view they are doing their best, for the right reasons, in a captive entertainment model that is flawed and that I think needs to be reinvented. I reserve my skepticism and criticism for that model, not for the people who do their best to ease the lives of the animals trapped in that model. It is easy to say they shouldn’t do that work. But if they didn’t do you think the lives of the animals would be better or worse? I thought so.

9 Comments leave one →
  1. Michele Jankelow permalink
    September 15, 2014 3:45 pm

    Interesting reading! If we could, so many of us would like to be involved in saving, re-introducing to the wild and more! Unfortunately our lives often take on responsibilities of families, children, husbands etc and we are therefore able to interpret our frustration through social media whatever. I understand your pain, your anguish, your desire to do the best you can for animals in your charge and yes if so many of us could, we would be there. For that pain, pleasure and endurance for it surely is, you are privileged so do not believe that millions of us would not trade places. That you have voiced your feelings is yet another dimension to what animals also have to endure for us humans!!!!

  2. no thaks permalink
    September 16, 2014 11:15 pm

    i see the point of captivity with purpose but also see the point the anti cap people make. regardless of what side of the fence you are on I just dont get the letter. It would be like a prison guard in a torture camp writing a poor me letter about what he has had to see and do. Its utterly ridiculous if you ask me. these are sentient creatures whose confinement is actual and constant torture. i know this author isnt responsible for all that but sorry if I don’t feel bad that you had to take care of them.

  3. Always on the animals side permalink
    September 17, 2014 7:37 am

    My thought on this is that these individuals were able to make a choice in their career. The animals captured or bred, flown around the world to be on display for amusement without their families had no choice because of a corporate institution based upon profit.

  4. September 17, 2014 1:30 pm

    When I was a kid…. I went to Sea World with my family. I learned to love these amazing sea creatures, I became connected to them. I saw trainers and wanted to be them. I said the words out loud. I want to be a dolphin trainer when i grow up….

    fast forward.

    Here I stand today laying my life and I all have on the line to save and protect our oceans as well as the animals that call it home.

    How many similar stories are in the world? This debate – it is not a cut and dry thing. Not everyone can go to the ocean. Some will never in their life see it. Some will never gain those connections or interest. Some will never build that passion. Some never would have. They will never have a chance to smell the scent, feel the salt on their face, see the animals in their natural environment.

    For those that choose to cast stones – do you still go and eat a nice sushi lunch? Open a can of Tuna to make a sandwich? Buys the Shrimp Fajitas? Ahi poke with cocktails on friday night? Looks down to see the lobster at market price and wonder if you can afford it or deserve it that day decide on the Swordfish or Salmon instead?…..These things cause much greater death and destruction with zero educational return to anyone. The ironic nature of our world baffles me.

    Cats and dogs have been domesticated and transformed. How many of you own pets? What is the difference there? These animals have been an evolved at human hands and will from a wild animal to a working animal – to now – simply a pet to please it’s human master and be a companion. Share with me the difference that makes one thing ok but not the other? Because that transformation happened before our time? Because owning a dog or cat is socially accepted? Is a dogs natural environment a plastic house in your back yard? Chained to something so that it will not run away while you are at work?

    Talk the talk… Walk the walk. If the human race as a whole did this… We would not have the issues we do today.

    I am no longer in the animal care or husbandry world. I am proud of what I did and the lives that I changed. The kids I inspired to do more than just play video games and sleep on the couch at moms house. The budding marine biologists I trained. The perceptions that I have changed. The learning that was achieved from my efforts – these things came at the expense of low wages, long hours, lost family time, lost relationships, along with lots of my own blood sweat and tears.

    Sadly – the all mighty dollar and push to grow revenues while we each gain more material things is evolving the world as well. Not just in the corporate world but yours and mine. Don’t you want that raise – the nicer house – the better car? That tropical vacation? Don’t you think you deserve it? That you have earned it?

    Not sure that captivity has ever been done right – I have extreme doubts & very skeptical that it will be or even could be.

    That said – it is not as cut and dry as those with narrow vision may try to portray. I can personally say – I very much doubt I would be doing this if it were not for building those connections so long ago, that my dreams/passions would have developed another path and followed another direction. Maybe an doctor or attorney. Maybe I would manage a retail store. Maybe I would be a astronaut.

    But I am not those things…. I am a Marine Biologist and Ocean Advocate. I am a protector of our oceans.

    Sincerely-

    Captain Chris Wade
    R/V Sea Watch – Shark Boat
    http://www.sharkboat.org

  5. September 17, 2014 1:43 pm

    Reblogged this on Sea Watch Chronicles and commented:
    When I was a kid…. I went to Sea World with my family. I learned to love these amazing sea creatures, I became connected to them. I saw trainers and wanted to be them. I said the words out loud. I want to be a dolphin trainer when i grow up….
    fast forward.
    Here I stand today laying my life and I all have on the line to save and protect our oceans as well as the animals that call it home.
    How many similar stories are in the world? This debate – it is not a cut and dry thing. Not everyone can go to the ocean. Some will never in their life see it. Some will never gain those connections or interest. Some will never build that passion. Some never would have. They will never have a chance to smell the scent, feel the salt on their face, see the animals in their natural environment.
    For those that choose to cast stones – do you still go and eat a nice sushi lunch? Open a can of Tuna to make a sandwich? Buys the Shrimp Fajitas? Ahi poke with cocktails on friday night? Looks down to see the lobster at market price and wonder if you can afford it or deserve it that day decide on the Swordfish or Salmon instead?…..These things cause much greater death and destruction with zero educational return to anyone. The ironic nature of our world baffles me.
    Cats and dogs have been domesticated and transformed. How many of you own pets? What is the difference there? These animals have been an evolved at human hands and will from a wild animal to a working animal – to now – simply a pet to please it’s human master and be a companion. Share with me the difference that makes one thing ok but not the other? Because that transformation happened before our time? Because owning a dog or cat is socially accepted? Is a dogs natural environment a plastic house in your back yard? Chained to something so that it will not run away while you are at work?
    Talk the talk… Walk the walk. If the human race as a whole did this… We would not have the issues we do today.
    I am no longer in the animal care or husbandry world. I am proud of what I did and the lives that I changed. The kids I inspired to do more than just play video games and sleep on the couch at moms house. The budding marine biologists I trained. The perceptions that I have changed. The learning that was achieved from my efforts – these things came at the expense of low wages, long hours, lost family time, lost relationships, along with lots of my own blood sweat and tears.
    Sadly – the all mighty dollar and push to grow revenues while we each gain more material things is evolving the world as well. Not just in the corporate world but yours and mine. Don’t you want that raise – the nicer house – the better car? That tropical vacation? Don’t you think you deserve it? That you have earned it?
    Not sure that captivity has ever been done right – I have extreme doubts & very skeptical that it will be or even could be.
    That said – it is not as cut and dry as those with narrow vision may try to portray. I can personally say – I very much doubt I would be doing this if it were not for building those connections so long ago, that my dreams/passions would have developed another path and followed another direction. Maybe an doctor or attorney. Maybe I would manage a retail store. Maybe I would be a astronaut.
    But I am not those things…. I am a Marine Biologist and Ocean Advocate. I am a protector of our oceans.
    Sincerely-
    Captain Chris Wade
    R/V Sea Watch – Shark Boat

  6. September 17, 2014 3:37 pm

    It is terribly interesting that the other three articles were posted via the Dodo and yet this was not. Is it perhaps because this letter actually presents things in a way far different than the other three articles? Perhaps is does not exactly fit the agenda and act as a rally cry against places like SeaWorld enough to get the exposure? The letter is powerful, it is just a shame that most of the activists crowd will still find ways to discount it, as they have already started to do!

  7. Linda permalink
    September 17, 2014 9:03 pm

    Thank you for sharing this letter with us. It’s so hard to relate to what you all do. I had worked in an animal hospital so I do understand how hard it is to try to save a life and then watch it slip away. But, what you do is on such a grander scale. If what you do is helping and nurturing, more power to you. I feel that the way places like Sea World are run now, it is no longer the teaching environment for the public. We went last year and it is now all music, swimmers/divers and a few animal tricks. I miss the lectures and explanations on why they do things. I think that what you do behind the scenes is very important. Another way has to be found for the public to still come to these parks to learn about the animals that you are trying so hard to help. I understand that these facilities are necessary. I applaud what you do. I hope you know that there are a lot of people that support what you do. It’s the commercial aspect of it that has changed. Keep doing the work that you do and know that not everyone feels the same.

    • Dana permalink
      September 22, 2014 12:13 pm

      I very much agree with the majority of your comment.

      I most certainly prefer that the shows are presented in a much more educational and informative manner, versus using the type of “shock and awe” amusement style that we experience (at SeaWorld and similar facilities) with booming and charming music, colorful flashing lights, and storytale-like narration accompanying energetic dancing and vivacious animal behaviors.

      I completely understand the need for the program’s platform to be appealing to a wide variety of guests, which is the main reason why performances are entertaining in the fashions that they are displayed in. However, if the shows were less engaging and “fun,” and more presented in the style of a lecture, their popularity with the general public would greatly diminish. People in today’s society want to see an exciting and captivating performance, and the shows in most aquaria facilities reflect that demand. While you and I may personally prefer to see an educational demonstration, the majority of the general public unfortunately often does not.

  8. william permalink
    September 22, 2014 1:21 pm

    I think the pro-captivity crowd would like the public to view this as a wonderful experience through the trainers eyes, and I am sure it is. But the trainers are just employees of a company that puts their profit margin before science. Trainers wield no power at Sea World Entertainment, Inc. and do not make the strategic decisions relating to company resources. I am sure there are plenty of biologists working for BP that love their job too.

    When the decision makers of Sea World are compassionate scientists devoted to their job I will be more interested in the focus of this article, when the shareholders of SeaWorld Entertainment (SEAS) direct the company to devote their operating income to animals and not roller coasters the pro-captivity argument will make more sense to me.

    Investors in SeaWorld Inc. are currently investigating SeaWorld Entertainment on grounds that they did not report all company liabilities (an Orca in captivity that kills) to shareholders. Animal rights argument goes no where but the second you anger ‘the money’ it’s all over.

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